THƯ VIỆN

Tiếng Đức

Đề thi TestAS (mẫu 6): Chuyên ngành Kinh tế

02/03/2022 | Lượt xem: 596

 

TestAS là một kỳ thi quan trọng nhằm đánh giá khả năng học Đại học của sinh viên nước ngoài tại Đức. Vậy nên S20 muốn mang đến cho bạn các mẫu đề thi TestAS để giúp ôn tập, làm bài thật tốt trong kỳ thi này. Trong bài viết này chính là phần thi chuyên ngành của đề thi TestAS ngành Kinh tế, cùng  xem nhé!

đề thi testas ngành kinh tế
Kiểm tra nhanh trình độ của bạn qua đề thi TestAS ngành kinh tế nhé

 

Trong phần thi TestAS ngành kinh tế, đề thi sẽ có 2 phần sau: 

  • Analysing Economic Interrelationships gồm 22 câu hỏi và 65 phút làm bài. 
  • Analysing Processes gồm 22 câu hỏi và 85 phút làm bài. 

Trong bài viết này, chúng ta sẽ tham khảo tiếp một vài ví dụ của dạng bài thuộc phần thi Analysing Processes nhé. Sau đó, các bạn có thể xem thêm đề thi TestAS ngành kinh tế dạng bài Analysing Economic Interrelationships tại bài viết: Đề thi TestAs mẫu 5: Chuyên ngành Kinh tế nhé!

 

I. Đề thi TestAS ngành Kinh tế- Process 1

In the case of a certain product, the number sold per day, Zv, increases, the lower the sales price Pv. Conversely, the higher the Pv, the lower the Zv.

A company employee has determined that it is optimal for the company when the number of pieces sold per day is Zo.

The process diagram shows a strategy which is to lead to the number sold per day amounting to Zo at the end (“STOP”).

image002

 

  • Example 1 

Which of the two statements about the strategy is/are correct?

I.If not enough pieces are sold, the sales price is – correctly – reduced.
II. It can happen that a sales price which is already too low is further reduced.

(A) Only statement I is correct.

(B) Only statement II is correct.

(C) Both statements are correct.

(D) Neither of the two statements is correct.

Solution

Statement I is not correct. When a price is correct, the number of pieces sold Zv corresponds to the optimal number Zo. The questions “Zv < Zo” and “Zv. > Zo” would be answered “NO” and the “STOP” sign would be reached without any change in price. It is a correct price in changed in this diagram (in this case reduced) in this diagram.

Statement II is correct. It says that a price which is too high is increased further as soon as the contents of the two decision points are exchanged. When the price is too high, Zv < Zo. The question posed at position X is then answered “NO”; the question at position Y is answered “YES” and the price is raised.

The solution is therefore (B), since only statement II is correct.

 

  • Example 2

Which of the two statements about the strategy is/are correct, when the contents of decision points X and Y are exchanged?

  1. A correct price is reduced.
    II. A price which is too high is further increased.

(A) Only statement I is correct.

(B) Only statement II is correct.

(C) Both statements are correct.

(D) Neither of the two statements is correct.

Solution

Statement I is not correct. When a price is correct, the number of pieces sold Zv corresponds to the optimal number Zo. The questions “Zv < Zo” and “Zv. > Zo” would be answered “NO” and the “STOP” sign would be reached without any change in price. It is a correct price in changed in this diagram (in this case reduced) in this diagram.

Statement II is correct. It says that a price which is too high is increased further as soon as the contents of the two decision points are exchanged. When the price is too high, Zv < Zo. The question posed at position X is then answered “NO”; the question at position Y is answered “YES” and the price is raised.

The solution is therefore (B), since only statement II is correct.

 

II. Đề thi TestAS ngành Kinh tế – Process 2

Markets (for example the automobile market in Germany) have an entry barrier and an exit barrier. The entry barrier supplies information as to how difficult it is for a new provider to enter the market – for example to sell cars in Germany. The exit barrier supplies information as to how difficult it is to exit (leave) the market again.

Here distinctions are made between four types of markets:

  • “flea market”: low entry barrier, low exit barrier
  • “mouse trap”: low entry barrier, high exit barrier
  • “gold mine”: high entry barrier, low exit barrier
  • “gilded cage”: high entry barrier, high exit barrier

Complete the process diagram in such a way that it assigns each market to the correct position.

image003 1

 

  • Example 3

Which of the two statements is/are correct?

  1. Decision Point V could read: “exit barrier high?”.
    II. Element Y could read: “Gilded Cage.”

(A) Only statement I is correct.

(B) Only statement II is correct.

(C) Both statements are correct.

(D) Neither of the two statements is correct.

Solution

Statement I I is not correct. If decision point V says “entry barrier low?”, in the case of “mouse trap” this question should  be answered “YES”, because the entry barriers for a “mouse trap” are low. If the question at decision point V is answered “YES”, it is no longer possible to reach the “mouse trap”. If element Z also says “mouse trap” then only one assignment possibility remains (box Y), but two forms, the “gilded cage” and “flea market” still have to be assigned.

Statement II is not correct. If the question in X and Z is the same, then “mouse trap” and “gold mine” should be reached by the way of a “NO” answer. Therefore, one of the barriers (entry barrier or exit barrier) should be the same for both forms. However, both the entry barrier (gold mine: high; mouse trap: low) and the exit barrier (gold mine: low; mouse trap: high) are different.

The correct solution is therefore (D), since neither of the two statements is correct.

 

  • Example 4

Which of the two statements is/are correct?

  1. Decision Point V could say: “entry barrier low?”.
    II. Decision point X could say the same as decision point W.

(A) Only statement I is correct.

(B) Only statement II is correct.

(C) Both statements are correct.

(D) Neither of the two statements is correct.

Solution

Statement I I is not correct. If decision point V says “entry barrier low?”, in the case of “mouse trap” this question should to be answered “YES”, because the entry barriers for a “mouse trap” are low. If the question at decision point V is answered “YES”, it is no longer possible to reach the “mouse trap”. If element Z also says “mouse trap” then only one assignment possibility remains (box Y), but two forms, the “gilded cage” and “flea market” still have to be assigned.

Statement II is not correct. If the question in X and Z is the same, then “mouse trap” and “gold mine” should be reached by the way of a “NO” answer. Therefore, one of the barriers (entry barrier or exit barrier) should be the same for both forms. However, both the entry barrier (gold mine: high; mouse trap: low) and the exit barrier (gold mine: low; mouse trap: high) are different.

The correct solution is therefore (D), since neither of the two statements is correct.

 

III. Đề thi TestAS ngành Kinh tế – Process 3

University entrant Schmidt is writing his timetable for his first semester.

The process diagram shows how he proceeds.

MNH: Maximum number of hours that Schmidt has time for courses each week.
NHP: Number of hours that Schmidt has already planned in for courses each week.
“fully booked”: a course is fully booked when no more places are free.
“time conflict”: The course Schmidt has to decide about takes place at the same time as a course already in the timetable.

image004

 

  • Example 5

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is possible that Schmidt includes a course in the timetable for which he does not have enough time.
    II. It is possible that Schmidt includes a course in the timetable that is less important than a course that has not been included.

(A) Only statement I is correct.

(B) Only statement II is correct.

(C) Both statements are correct.

(D) Neither of the two statements is correct.

Solution

Statement I is correct: Schmidt always chooses the most important course from the list K and checks whether he can sign up for it. A “time conflict” means that the course Schmidt has to make a decision about takes place at the same time as a course which is already in his timetable. The more important course has always been chosen first and included in the timetable. Every course Schmidt considers later – and thus every less important course – is crossed off the list because of the time clash.

Statement II is not correct. If Schmidt includes only a few courses with less than 20 hours altogether in list K from the start, then even without decision point Y he does not exceed his 20-hour limit during his planning process; in other words he does not necessarily plan in more course time than he has at his disposal.

Therefore the correct solution is (A), since only statement I is correct.

 

  • Example 6

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

I.If there is a time conflict between two courses which both still have free places, Schmidt always chooses the more important course.

  1. If decision point Y is eliminated, Schmidt would always plan in more than twenty hours per week.

(A) Only statement I is correct.

(B) Only statement II is correct.

(C) Both statements are correct.

(D) Neither of the two statements is correct.

Solution

Statement I is correct: Schmidt always chooses the most important course from the list K and checks whether he can sign up for it. A “time conflict” means that the course Schmidt has to make a decision about takes place at the same time as a course which is already in his timetable. The more important course has always been chosen first and included in the timetable. Every course Schmidt considers later – and thus every less important course – is crossed off the list because of the time clash.

Statement II is not correct. If Schmidt includes only few courses with less than 20 hours altogether in list K from the start, then even without decision point Y he does not exceed his 20-hour limit during his planning process; in other words he does not necessarily plan in more course time than he has at his disposal.

Therefore the correct solution is (A), since only statement I is correct.

(Nguồn tham khảo: testas.de)

 

Đến đây, các bạn đã hình dung được đề thi TestAS ngành Kinh tế là như thế nào rồi phải không? Các câu hỏi tương đối dài, tuy nhiên, thời gian cho phần thi chuyên ngành cũng khá rộng rãi. Các bạn hãy dành nhiều thời gian để học từ vựng và ôn lại kiến thức chuyên ngành nhé. S20 chúc các bạn làm đề thi TestAS ngành Kinh tế tốt và đạt kết quả như ý!

 

Bài viết trích nguồn từ TestAs.de

 

Hãy gọi điện hoặc để lại tin nhắn cho S20 nếu bạn có câu hỏi bất kỳ liên quan đến kỳ thi TestAS hoặc có nhu cầu tìm khóa luyện thi TestAS nhé. 

Bài viết Liên quan